/* Ajith - Syntax Higlighter - End ----------------------------------------------- */

8.09.2012

Implementing ls command in C

We know that ls command in unix displays the list of files in a directory. It has various options to display the data in various styles and formats.

By default its implementation is part of Coreutils package, which is default package in all Linux flavours.

I want to see how we can implement its basic functionality with a simple C program.

/*Listing the Files in a directory */

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/dir.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <langinfo.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

static char perms_buff[30];

const char *get_perms(mode_t mode)
{
  char ftype = '?';

  if (S_ISREG(mode)) ftype = '-';
  if (S_ISLNK(mode)) ftype = 'l';
  if (S_ISDIR(mode)) ftype = 'd';
  if (S_ISBLK(mode)) ftype = 'b';
  if (S_ISCHR(mode)) ftype = 'c';
  if (S_ISFIFO(mode)) ftype = '|';

  sprintf(perms_buff, "%c%c%c%c%c%c%c%c%c%c %c%c%c", ftype,
  mode & S_IRUSR ? 'r' : '-',
  mode & S_IWUSR ? 'w' : '-',
  mode & S_IXUSR ? 'x' : '-',
  mode & S_IRGRP ? 'r' : '-',
  mode & S_IWGRP ? 'w' : '-',
  mode & S_IXGRP ? 'x' : '-',
  mode & S_IROTH ? 'r' : '-',
  mode & S_IWOTH ? 'w' : '-',
  mode & S_IXOTH ? 'x' : '-',
  mode & S_ISUID ? 'U' : '-',
  mode & S_ISGID ? 'G' : '-',
  mode & S_ISVTX ? 'S' : '-');

  return (const char *)perms_buff;
}

char pathname[MAXPATHLEN];

void die(char *msg)
{
  perror(msg);
  exit(0);
}

static int
one (const struct dirent *unused)
{
  return 1;
}

int main()
{
  int count,i;
  struct direct **files;
  struct stat statbuf;
  char datestring[256];
  struct passwd pwent;
  struct passwd *pwentp;
  struct group grp;
  struct group *grpt;
  struct tm time;
  char buf[1024];

  if(!getcwd(pathname, sizeof(pathname)))
    die("Error getting pathnamen");

  count = scandir(pathname, &files, one, alphasort);

  if(count > 0)
  {
    printf("total %dn",count);

    for (i=0; i<count; ++i)
    {
      if (stat(files[i]->d_name, &statbuf) == 0)
      {
        /* Print out type, permissions, and number of links. */
        printf("%10.10s", get_perms(statbuf.st_mode));
        printf(" %d", statbuf.st_nlink);

        if (!getpwuid_r(statbuf.st_uid, &pwent, buf, sizeof(buf), &pwentp))
          printf(" %s", pwent.pw_name);
        else
          printf(" %d", statbuf.st_uid);

        if (!getgrgid_r (statbuf.st_gid, &grp, buf, sizeof(buf), &grpt))
          printf(" %s", grp.gr_name);
        else
          printf(" %d", statbuf.st_gid);

        /* Print size of file. */
        printf(" %5d", (int)statbuf.st_size);

        localtime_r(&statbuf.st_mtime, &time);
        /* Get localized date string. */
        strftime(datestring, sizeof(datestring), "%F %T", &time);

        printf(" %s %s\n", datestring, files[i]->d_name);
      }

      free (files[i]);
    }

    free(files);
  }
}

3 comments :

  1. Thanks for the valuable comments provided personally for improving the content quality.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Du hosch dou is Backslash vogessn! \
    ZEil 109!

    You forgot the Backslash! \
    Line 109!

    ReplyDelete

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